Uji Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tujuh Genotipe Bawang Putih (Allium sativum L.) di Dataran Rendah

Sayyidah Afridatul Ishthifaiyyah, . Sobir

Abstract


Garlic consumption in Indonesia increases since 2013, but the production is still low because the productivity and land availability are also low. Garlic needs low temperature and long photoperiods to produce bulb. This research aims to study the growth and production of seven genotypes of garlic in the lowland. The research was conducted in experimental field of PKHT Pasir Kuda, PKHT IPB. The experimental design is Randomized Complete Block Design one factor, that was genotype with 3 replications. The plant materials were two local genotypes of garlic, those were Sangga Sembalun (BP-01) and Lumbu Hijau (BP-02), and also five Chinese genotypes of garlic (BP-25, BP-33, BP-35, BP-60, and BP-100). Chinese genotypes exclude BP-25 have better vegetative growth than local genotypes. The vegetative growth of local genotypes showed unsignificant except on the number of leaves. BP-01 had more leaves than BP-02. Both local and Chinese genotypes showed unsignificant difference in bulb weight per plot. BP-60 has the least cloves number than the other genotypes. Both Chinese genotypes (BP-25 and BP-60) have higher means of cloves dried weight and cloves length than local genotypes. BP-01, BP-02, BP-25, and BP-60 were the potential genotypes that can be developed in the lowland.

Keywords: bulbing, Chinese garlic, local garlic, photoperiod


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29244/chj.2.3.25-33

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