Evaluasi Karakter Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif 20 Genotipe Cabai Rawit Merah (Capsicum frutescens L) Koleksi IPB

Abdul Hakim, Muhamad Syukur, Yudiwanti Wahyu

Abstract


Bird pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) is one of the leading commodities of horticulture in Indonesia and of the most potential vegetables to be developed. The aimed of this research is to evaluate qualitative and quantitative character (Capsicum frutescens L) and analysis cluster. Plant material used are 20 genotypes of bird pepper. The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) single factor with three replications. The results show that IPB C341 the genotype that has the highest weight per fruit and yield. IPB C350 is a genotype has the longest fruit size. IPB C337 is the genotype with the largest number of fruit per plant. The results of the analysis cluster divided into 4 groups. Group 1 there are 2 genotypes there are IPB C190 and IPB C 289. Group 2 consists of 6 genotypes there are IPB C285, IPB C295, IPB C321, IPB C349, IPB C290 and IPB C348. Group 3 consists of 6 genotypes there are IPB C331, IPB C332, IPB C334, IPB C334, IPB C344, IPB C335 and IPB C337, IPB C339 and group 4 consists of 6 genotypes there are IPB C342, IPB C350, IPB C339, IPB C345, IPB C341 and IPB C343.

 

Keywords: bird pepper, cluster analysis, genotipes, yield


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29244/chj.2.1.20-27

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